June 22, 2024

 

Daleel at-Talib: Unit #3: Manners of Using Lavatory

Manners of Using
Lavatory

Al-Istinjaa means removal of the filth
that comes out from the two pores (front and back)[1]
with purifying water[2]
or clean, lawful and clean stone[3],
though after cleaning with stone or like[4],
the mark of filth retains and cannot be removed but with water[5].
Wiping less than three times, is not permissible, while whole spot should be
wiped each time[6].
Cleansing with water should bring back the 
original roughness (of skin), as it was; presumption suffices for this[7].
Istinjaa with stone then with water
is Sunnah (recommended)[8],
vice versa is offensive[9],
though relying upon anyone is permissible[10],
but, (cleaning with) water is preferable[11].
Facing Qiblah and turning back
towards it, while  making Istinja, is offensive[12];
it is forbidden with dung, bone and food, even of the animals[13],
if it was proceeded, then purification will be possible only with water, as
when the filth exceeds the regular spot[14].

Istinjaa is obligatory when comes out
anything, except the clean one or the filth that does not stick with the spot.[15]

When a person enters a
lavatory (or separated area), it is Sunnah
(recommended) for him to step into left foot first and say:

بسم اللہ

اللھم انی اعوذبک من
الخبث والخبائث

 “In the name of Allah, I seek refuge in Allah
Almighty from male and female evil spirits.” [16]

And when he exits, step out
right foot first and say:

غفرانک

الحمدللہ الذی اذھب عنی الاذی و عافانی

 “Your forgiveness, all praise be to Allah
Almighty who removed filth from me and secured me.”[17]

While relieving, it is
offensive to face the sun, the moon[18]
and the opposing direction of the wind;[19]
speaking,[20]
urinating in a pot,[21]
a burrow,[22]
fire and ash. Urinating in standing position is not offensive.[23]
It is forbidden to face or turn back towards Qiblah,

in open country,
without a barrier, however, hiding lower part is sufficient.[24]
Moreover, urinating or defecating on the regular thoroughfares or in the useful
shadow, under a tree with desirable fruit,[25]
between the graves of the Muslims[26]
and remaining there (in the privy) for a period longer than the time required,[27]
is also forbidden.

Hygienic Habits

It
is Sunnah (recommended) to use a
fresh and harmless Toothstick (small twig) absolutely (in all times),[28]
except for a person who is observing fast, after the zenith, because it is
offensive for him;[29]using
a dry toothstick is Sunnah
(recommended) for him though green is permissible too, before zenith.[30]
Whoever brushed the teeth without a tooth-stick, did not achieved the true Sunnah.[31]
Using toothstick is more emphasized, when making Wudhu (ablution), before Salat and recitation of the Quran, waking
up from sleep and on changing of mouth-smell; likewise when entering Masjid and
home; keeping silent for long time and when the teeth turns pale.[32]

There is no harm if a
tooth-stick is used by two or more persons.[33]

It is Sunnah (recommended) to shave the hair around the private parts, depilating
the hair under armpit, trimming the nails, looking at the mirror, using perfume,
applying Kohl (eye-lashes) in the eyes, every night three lashes in each eye,
trimming moustache close to the roots, leaving the beard to
grow,
while shaving beard is forbidden, there is no harm to trim what is longer than
a fistful. Circumcision is obligatory for a man and a woman after puberty.



[1] Urine and feces

[2] Characteristics of purifying water has
been discussed in lesson no.1

[3] While relieving oneself, clean, lawful and
clean stone is second option for cleaning

[4] Other objects that can be used as  alternative to stone may be a twig, patch of
a cloth or paper etc [Al-Insaf: vol.1, p.109, Manarus Sabeel:vol.1, p.22]

[5] The mark of filth remains on the spot
after removing filth with stone or like. This amount of filth is forgiven,
because it is impossible to remove this mark without washing.

[6] CLEANSING FILTH WITH STONE:

When one cleans the filth with stone, he is required
to clean the whole spot thrice.

Jabir bin Abdullah (May Allah be pleased with him)
reported that the Apostle of Allah (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on
him) said: “When you cleanse yourself with stone, cleanse thrice.”

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.15370, Sahih Ibni Khuzaymah:H.76]

Ayesha (May Allah be pleased with her) reported
that  the Apostle of Allah (May Allah
shower His blessings and peace on him) said: “When any of you goes to relieve
himself, he should take with him three stones to cleanse himself, for they will
be enough for him.”

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.25280, Sunan Abu Dawood:H.40]

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported
that the Apostle of Allah (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on him)
commanded to use three stones (for cleansing filth).

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.7403]

[7] When one cleans oneself with water, after
easing or urinating, the original roughness of skin should be restored. In this
case even a small amount of filth is not forgiven.

[8] CLEANSING FILTH WITH STONE AND THEN
WASHING WITH WATER:

It is
recommended that one should cleanse the filth with stone or like and then wash
with water.

Ayesha (May Allah be pleased with her) reported that
the women from Basrah came to her. She said to them, “Ask your spouses to
remove the mark of easing and urinating with water because we feel shy to
forbid them, while it was the practice of Allah’s Apostle (May Allah shower His
blessings and peace on him).” [Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.25130, 25402, Jami
At-Tirmidhi:H.19, Sahih Ibni Hibban:H.1443]

[9] Washing with water and then using stones
is offensive for being against Sunnah.

[10] Relying on any one practice i.e washing
with water or using stones, is permissible because both are reported from the
Prophet (May Allah shower His blessings and peace ion him).

[11] Cleansing with water is preferable because it was the
frequent practice of the
Prophet
(May Allah shower His blessings and peace ion him).

Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that whenever
the Apostle of Allah (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on him) used to
go to ease himself, I brought water and he washed himself with it.

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.12124, Sahih Bukhari:H.217, Sahih
Muslim:H.271]

[12] While a person cleanses himself after
relieving, it is offensive for him to face Qiblah or turn back towards
it.

[13] FORBIDDEN OBJECT FOR CLEANSING THE
FILTH:

Removing
filth with dung, bone and food is forbidden for these Hadiths:

Abdullah
bin Masood
(May Allah be
pleased with him) reported that once the Apostle of Allah (May Allah shower His
blessings and peace on him) went out for relieving himself and he ordered me to
search three stones for him. I brought two stones and one dropping of donkey.
He took the stones and dropped the dung and said that it was filth.

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.3966, Sahih Bukhari:H.156]

Jabir bin Abdullah (May Allah be pleased with him)
reported that the Apostle of Allah (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on
him) forbade to cleanse oneself with dung or bone.

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.12668, Sahih Muslim:H.263]

Abdullah bin Masood (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that the
Apostle of Allah (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on him) said to
Jinns, “When you pick a bone that has been recited Allah’s name on it, will
bear meat on it and the droppings of animals are food for your beasts.” Then he
said to us, “Don’t cleanse yourself with those two objects( bone and droppings)
because these are useful for brothers from jinns.

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.4149, Sahih Muslim:H.3258, Sahih
Ibni Khuzaymah:H.5267, Sahih Ibni Hibban:H.632]

This Hadith indicates that food of animals is also
forbidden for using to cleanse oneself.

Imam Mansoor bin Younus Al-Buhooti rahimahullah
mentions the venerable objects among those that are forbidden to use for
cleansing oneself; like paper with names of Allah or any Prophet.

[14] If one uses dung, bone or food for
cleansing himself after relieving, then he is obliged to cleanse himself with
water, because he is still unclean. If he uses other alternatives save water,
then he will be not cleansed. Same ruling applies if the filth exceeds the
normal spot of filth. Same ruling applies to other impure objects.
[Al-Insaf:vol.1, p.111]

[15] ISTINJA IS OBLIGATORY:

Removing filth is obligatory whatever unclean
substance or object comes out of the pores like urine, faeces, blood and
Madhi
(prostatic fluid), except the objects that are clean like breaking
wind or the impure objects that do not stick with the spot like round worms,
because no filth is stuck with the spot in this case. However in case of round
worms, it is recommended, not obligatory, to wash the spot.

Miqdad bin al-Aswad (May Allah be pleased with him)
reported that Ali ibn AbuTalib (May Allah be pleased with him) commanded him to
ask the Apostle of Allah (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on him) what
a man should do when he plays with his wife and the prostatic fluid comes out
(at this moment), rather than the fluid of life (semen). (He said): I am
ashamed of consulting him because of the position of his daughter. Al-Miqdad
said: I asked the Apostle of Allah (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on
him what a man should do when he plays with his wife and the prostatic fluid
comes out (at this moment), rather than the fluid of life (semen). He said:
“When any of you finds, he should wash his private part, and perform ablution
as he does for prayer.”

 [Musnad Imam
Ahmad:H.16845, 24809, Sunan Abu Dawood:H.211]

Ali bin Talq (May
Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Apostle of Allah (May Allah shower
His blessings and peace on him) said: “When any of you breaks wind during the
prayer, he should turn away and perform ablution and repeat the prayer.”

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.24250, Sunan Abu Dawood:H.205,
Jami At-Tirmidhi:H.1164, 1166]

[16] RECOMMENDED PHRASES WHILE ENTERING THE
PRIVY:

Ali bin Abu
Talib (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Apostle of Allah (May
Allah shower His blessings and peace on him) said: “Saying
بسم اللہ, is a barrier between giants and
human private parts.” [Sunan Ibni Majah:H.297]

Anas bin
Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that when the Apostle of Allah
(May Allah shower His blessings and peace on him) entered toilet, he used to
say:

اللھم انی اعوذبک من
الخبث والخبائث

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.11969, Sahih Bukhari:H.142, Sahih
Muslim:H.375, Sunan Abu Dawood:H.4 Sunan Ibni Majah:H.298 Sahih Ibni Hibban:
H.1407]

 

[17] RECOMMENDED PHRASES WHILE EXITING THE LAVATORY:

Ayesha (May Allah be pleased with her) reported
that  when the Apostle of Allah (May
Allah shower His blessings and peace on him) would come out of lavatory he used
to say:
غفرانک

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.25735, Sunan Abu Dawood:H.30, Jami At-Tirmidhi:H.7, Sunan
Ibni Majah:H.300, Sahih Ibni Hibban:H.1444, Sahih Ibni Khuzaymah:H.90]

Anas bin
Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that when the Apostle of Allah
(May Allah shower His blessings and peace on him) would come out of the toilet,
he used to say:

الحمدللہ الذی اذھب عنی الاذی و عافانی

[Sunan Ibni
Majah:H.301]

[18] FACING THE SUN AND THE MOON WHILE
RELIEVING ONESELF:

This ruling is passed due to respect for big signs of
Allah Almighty.

Jabir bin Abdullah Al-Ansari (May Allah be pleased
with him) reported that the Apostle of Allah (May Allah shower His blessings
and peace on him) said, “O’ People! Verily! The sun and the moon are two signs
from the signs of Allah the Exalted.”

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.14470, Sahih Bukhari:H.1044,
Sahih Muslim:H.901, 904]

[19] Urinating in opposing direction of the
wind is offensive because urine may be sprinkled on the body or clothes due to
fast blowing wind.

[20] SPEAKING WHILE RELIEVING:

Speaking without a necessity, while relieving oneself,
is offensive.

Muhajir ibn Qunfudh (May Allah
be pleased with him) reported that Muhajir came to the Prophet (May Allah
shower His blessings and peace on him) while he was urinating. He saluted him.
The Prophet (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on him) did not return
the salutation to him until he performed ablution. He then apologised to him,
saying: I disliked remembering Allah except in the state of purification.

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.19243, Sunan Abu Dawood:H.17,
Sunan Ibni Majah:H.350, Sahih Ibni Hibban:H.803, Sahih Ibni Khuzaymah:H.206]

Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him)
reported that I heard the Apostle of Allah (May Allah shower His blessings and
peace on him) say: When two persons go together for relieving themselves
uncovering their private parts and talking together, Allah, the Great and
Majestic, becomes wrathful at this (action). [Sunan Abu Dawood:H.15]

[21] URINATING IN A POT:

Urinating in a pot without a necessity is offensive,
because it is against the established Sunnah of the Prophet (May Allah shower
His blessings and peace on him). However, in a case of a necessity, it is
permissible to urinate in a pot like in case of severe cold or disease etc.

Umaymah daughter
of Ruqayqah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported that the Prophet (May
Allah shower His blessings and peace on him) had a wooden vessel under his bed
in which he would urinate at night.

[Sunan Abu Dawood:H.25]

This might be happened in severe cold or in the
days of the Prophet’s illness.

[22] URINATING IN A BURROW:

Abdullah ibn Sarjis (May Allah be pleased with him)
reported that the Apostle of Allah (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on
him) prohibited to urinate in a burrow.

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.21056, Sunan Abu Dawood:H.29]

[23] URINATING IN STANDING POSITION:

Urinating in standing position is permissible,
provided that your body and clothes remain safe from sprinkles of urine.

Hudhaifah
bin Al-Yaman (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Apostle of Allah
(May Allah shower His blessings and peace on him) and I walked till we reached
the dumps of some people. He stood, as any one of you stands, behind a wall and
urinated. I went away, but he beckoned me to come. So I approached him and
stood near his back till he finished.

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.23637, Sahih Bukhari:H.224, Sunan
Abu Dawood:H.23]

It
is notable that the established Sunnah of the Apostle of Allah (May
Allah shower His blessings and peace on him) is urinating in sitting position,
that is recommended for protecting oneself from urine sprinkle.

Abdur Rahman bin Hasanah (Be His mercy on him)
reported: I and Amr ibn al-As (May Allah be pleased with him) went to the
Prophet (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on him). He came out with a
leather shield (in his hand). He covered himself with it and urinated (in sitting
position). Then we said: Look at him. He is urinating as a woman does. The
Prophet (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on him) heard this and said:
Do you not know what befell a person from amongst Banu Isra’il (the children of
Israel)? When urine fell on them, they would cut off the place where the urine
fell; but he (that person) forbade them (to do so), and was punished in his
grave.

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.17912, Sunan Abu Dawood:H.22]

Imam Ibni Hajr
Al-Aasqlani said about this Hadith of Abdur Rahman bin Hasanah, “It is a Sahih
Hadith, Imam Ad-Darqutni declared it Sahih.”

[Fathul
Bari:vol.1, p.435, Under Hadith # 224]

Ayesha Siddiqa
(May Allah be pleased with her) said that if someone inform you that the
Prophet (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on him) urinated in standing
position, don’t testify him because he (p.b.u.h) never urinated but in sitting
posture, since when Qur’an has been revealed to him.

[Musnad Imam
Ahmad:H.25559, Sunan Ibni Majah:H.307]

Apparently, Ayesha’s Hadith contradicts Hudhaifah’s
one, but in reality there is no contradiction, because Ayesha (May Allah be
pleased with her) reported the general practice of Prophet (May Allah shower
His blessings and peace on him), while Hudhaifah (May Allah be pleased with
him) reported an incidence that he observed but Ayesha (May Allah be pleased
with her) was not aware of this incident. Allah knows the best.

So it is recommendable to pee sitting down. Latest
scientific reports show that peeing sitting down is healthy and comfortable as
compared to pee standing upright.

However, the Hadith attributed to Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) (Sunan Ibni
Majah:H.309)
that
forbids urinating in standing position is extremely weak that can’t stand
against Hudhaifah’s authentic Hadith.
Allah knows the best.

[24]FACING QIBLAH OR TURNING BACK TOWARDS IT:

It is Haram (prohibited)
to face the Qiblah or turn one’s back towards it while urinating or
defecating out in the open. However, it is permissible inside buildings or
where there is a screen between one and the Ka`bah, and that screen is close in
front of the person facing the Qiblah or close behind if one’s back is
towards the Qiblah, such as a wall, a tree, a mountain and so on.

Abu Ayyub (May Allah be pleased with him) that the
Prophet (saw) said, “Do not face toward the Qiblah nor turn your backs
toward it when defecating or urinating, rather face toward the east or the
west.”

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H .23921, Sahih Bukhari:394, Sunan
Abu Dawood:H.11]

It is notable that Qiblah in Madinah lies southwards,
that is why the Messenger (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on him)
ordered the inhabitants of Madinah to face the east or the west.

Abu Hurayrah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported
that the Messenger of Allah (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on him)
said, “When any one
amongst you squats for answering the call of nature, he should neither turn his
face towards the Qiblah nor turn his back towards it.”

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.7362, Sahih Muslim:H.265, Sahih
Ibni Hibban:H.1431, Sahih Ibni Khuzaimah:H.80]

Marwan al-Asfar (Be His Mercy on him) said: I saw Ibn
Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) make his camel kneel down facing the Qiblah,
then he sat down urinating in its direction. So I said: Abu Abdur Rahman! has
this not been forbidden? He replied: Why not, that was forbidden only in open
country; but when there is something between you and the Qiblah that
conceals you , then there is no harm.

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.21056, Sunan Abu Dawood:H.11]

Jabir bin Abdullah (May Allah be pleased with him)
reported that the Messenger of Allah (May Allah shower His blessings and peace
on him) forbade facing the Qiblah when urinating. But I saw him, one
year before he died, facing the Qiblah (while urinating).

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.14933, Sunan Abu Dawood:H.13,
Jami at-Tirmidhi:H.9, Sunan Ibni Majah:H.325, Sahih Ibni Khuzaimah:58, Sahih
Ibni Hibban:H.1420]

Actually, in the early days after migration to
Madinah, there were no constructed toilets, so the Muslims used to ease
themselves in the open country. But after the conquest of Makkah in 8th
year after Hijrah, many Muslims constructed toilets. That is why Jabir bin
Abdullah (May Allah be pleased with him)
saw the Messenger of Allah (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on him)
easing himself in the constructed toilet, that did not exceed the human
shoulders in height.

Still it is preferable to avoid facing or turning back
towards Qiblah/Ka’abah, even when you urinate in closed toilets for the general
command of the Messenger of Allah (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on
him):

When any one amongst you squats
for answering the call of nature, he should neither turn his face towards the
Qiblah nor turn his back towards it.”

FACING BAITUL MAQDAS WHILE RELIEVING ONESELF:

While relieving in open country it is recommended to
avoid facing or turning back towards Baitul Maqdas.

Ma’qil bin Abu Ma’qil (May Allah be pleased with him)
reported that the Messenger of Allah (May Allah shower His blessings and peace
on him) forbade to face both Qiblahs (Baitullah & Baitul Maqdas) while we
urinate of defficate.

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.17992, Sunan Abu Dawood:H.10,
Sunan Ibni Majah:H.319]

[25] This ruling is based on the legal
principle that one should neither cause trouble to others nor he should be
troubled. Relieving in thoroughfares or under the trees cause trouble or loss
for others, so it is forbidden.

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported
that the Apostle of Allah (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on him)
said: Be on your guard against two things which provoke cursing: easing oneself
on the thoroughfares and in the shade (of the tree).

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:H.21056, Sunan Abu Dawood:H.25]

Muadh bin Jabal (May Allah be pleased with him)
reported that the Messenger of Allah (May Allah shower His blessings and peace
on him) said: Be on your guard against three things which provoke cursing:
easing in the watering places and on the thoroughfares, and in the shade (of
the tree).

[Sunan Abu Dawood:H.26]

[26] RELIEVING ONESELF AMONG THE GRAVES:

Uqbah bin Aamir (May Allah be pleased with him)
reported that the Apostle of Allah (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on
him) said, “I am nothing if i relieve myself among the graves or in the middle
of market.”

[Sunan Ibni Majah]

[27] Staying in the privy is a painstaking and
undesirable action, but we have to do it for the call of nature. So staying
there for a period longer than the required time in general, without a
necessity, is forbidden. Moreover one remains naked in the privy, while keeping
naked without a necessity is prohibited.

Abdullah bin Umar (May Allah be pleased with them)
reported that the Apostle of Allah (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on
him) said, “Don’t keep naked, because there are (angels) who accompany you and
do not leave you alone, except in the privy or when a man fulfils his desire
with his wife; So feel shy of them and respect them.”

[Jami At-Tirmidhi]

[28] SUNNAH OF SIWAK (Tooth stick)

Mouth is the gate of
stomach, while teeth are the guards of this gate. Healthier the teeth, better
the security. Cleaning teeth is recommended by all the Prophets of Allah, so it
is liked in all civilizations. However the Prophet Muhammad (
) greatly emphasized on cleaning teeth. As the
following hadiths mention:

Abu Bakr (May Allah be
pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (
) said: ”Siwak cleans the mouth and it is a source
of Lord’s pleasure.”

[Musnad Imam Ahmad: H.62]

Abdullah bin Umar (May
Allah be pleased with them) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (
) said: ”Using Siwak is binding on you because it
cause mouth to smell sweet and it is a source of Lord’s pleasure.” [Musnad Imam
Ahmad: H.5865]

Abdullah bin Abbas (May
Allah be pleased with them) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (
) said: ”I have been commanded to use Siwak. Even I
thought that Quran will be revealed with this commandment.”

[Musnad Imam Ahmad: H.2125]

 

 

 

[29] USING SIWAK AFTER ZENITH WHILE FASTING IS OFFENSIVE

The official position of the Hanbali madhab is that using siwak
after zenith is offensive for one who is fasting because the smell coming out
of mouth due to empty stomach is liked by Allah Almighty, while using siwak
removes this smell.

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah ()
said: “
By Him in Whose Hands my
soul is, the smell coming out from the mouth of a fasting person is better in
the sight of Allah than the smell of musk. (Allah says about the fasting
person), ‘He has left his food, drink and desires for My sake.”

[Sahih Bukhari:H.1894, Sahih Muslim:H.1151]

                                                                                                        

[30] USING SIWAK BEFORE ZENITH WHILE FASTING
IS SUNNAH

Cleaning teeth with siwak is allowed before zenith
because the specific smell of empty stomach comes out from mouth after zenith
generally. Still it is recommended that the siwak must be dry, though using
green (fresh) siwak is permissible as well for the following general Hadiths:

Amir bin Rabiah (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that he saw many times the Messenger of Allah ()
cleaning his teeth with siwak while he was fasting. [Musnad Imam Ahmad:
H.15766]

Ayesha (May Allah be pleased with her) narrated that
the Messenger of Allah (
) said: “        The best habit of a
fasting person is using siwak.”

[Sunan Ibni Majah:H.1677]

It is notable that these Hadiths are
general in meanings, while the Hadith of Abu Hurairah mentioned in foot not
note no.2 is specific and confines the meanings of these general hadiths.
Moreover, the scholars of Hadith unanimously agree on the authenticity of Abu
Hurairah’s Hadith, that is stronger in chain than the said general hadiths.

 

[31] In the time of Prophet of Allah ()
there were used different methods to clean the teeth including tooth powders,
siwak, bark and cloth etc, but he (
)
adopted siwak. So just cleaning the teeth by any means does not equate the
Sunnah of Siwak. This is not just a Sunnah of Aadat (habitual), as he has
strongly recommended it by his words. Whatever he commanded or recommended is
part of Shariah, it is not mere an innate habit.

[32] RECOMMENDED TIMES OF USING SIWAK

Whenever
a person cleans his teeth by siwak as an asct of Sunnah, he is rewarded.
However, there are certain specific times that are more emphasized. Among these
recommended times are the following:

WHILE MAKING WUDHU

Abu
Hurairah
(May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah ()
said: “
Were it not hard on my ummah, I would order
them to use the siwak with each Wudhu.”

[Musnad Imam Ahmad: H.7406]

Ayesha (May Allah be pleased with her) narrated that whenever the Messenger of
Allah (
) lay
down and woke up, in the day or night, he used to cleanse his mouth with tooth
stick before Wudhu.

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:
H.25412, Sunan Abu Dawood:H.57]

Ayesha (May Allah be pleased with her) narrated that
the Messenger of Allah (
) said: “A prayer offered after using Siwak is
seventy times greater than the prayer offered without using it.”
           

[Musnad Imam Ahmad:
H.26871]

Tammam bin Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) narrated
that some people came to
the Messenger of Allah () while he said: “Why I see
you coming to me with pale teeth? Use Siwak.
Were it not hard on my
ummah, I would make it obligatory for them to use the siwak as I made wudhu
(ablution) obligatory for them.”

[Musnad Imam Ahmad: H.1835]

BEFORE SALAAH:

If a person has made ablution and HIS Wudhu is
still ok, so he wants to offer the next prayer without performing Wudhu again,
he is recommended to clean teeth with siwak.

Zayd ibn Khalid al-Juhanni
(May Allah be pleased with him):

I heard the Messenger of Allah () say: Were it not hard
on my ummah, I would order them to use the siwak at the time of every prayer.
Abu Salamah said: Zayd ibn Khalid used to attend the prayers in the mosque with
his tooth-stick on his ear where a clerk carries a pen, and whenever he got up
for prayer he used it.

[Musnad Imam Ahmad: H.22026, Sunan Abu Dawood:H.47]

Muhammad ibn Yahya ibn Hibban asked Abdullah ibn
Abdullah ibn Umar
(May Allah be pleased with them) about the reason for Ibn Umar’s performing ablution
for every prayer, whether he was with or without ablution.

He replied: Asma’, daughter of Zayd ibn al-Khattab,
reported to me that Abdullah ibn Hanzalah ibn AbuAmir narrated to her that the
Messenger of Allah (
) was
earlier commanded to perform ablution for every prayer whether or not he was
with ablution.

When it became a burden for him, he was ordered to
use tooth-stick for every prayer. As Ibn Umar thought that he had the strength
(to perform the ablution for every prayer), he did not give up performing
ablution for every prayer.

[Sunan Abu Dawood:H.48]

These Hadiths recommend cleansing one’s teeth with
siwak before entering Masjid.

ON WAKING UP

Hudhaifah bin Yaman (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that when the Apostle of Allaah () got up during the night (to
pray), he cleansed his mouth with the tooth-stick.

[Musnad Imam Ahmad: H.23631, Sunan Abu Dawood:H.55]

Abdullah bin Ummar (May Allah be pleased with them) narrated
that
whenever the Messenger of
Allaah (
) got
up, he started his day with cleansing his mouth with the tooth-stick.

[Musnad Imam Ahmad: H.5979]

ON CHANGING OF MOUTH-SMELL

Abdullah bin Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) narrated that once two persons came to
the Apostle of Allah
() with the same need, he () felt smell coming out of one of the persons’ mouth. He () said, “Why don’t you clean
your teeth with tooth-stick?”
       

[Musnad Imam Ahmad: H.2409]

When a person keeps silent for a long time, the taste and smell of mouth
changes. In this case he is recommended to use Siwak.

 

 

ON ENTERING HIS OWN HOUSE

Shuraih (Be His mercy on him) asked ‘Ayeshah (May Allah be pleased with
her)

“What would the Messenger of Allah () do
as soon as he entered the house?” She replied: “(He would use) the
siwak.”

[Musnad Imam Ahmad: H.24645, Sunan Abu Dawood:H.51]

 

[33] Ayeshah (May Allah be
pleased with her) narrated that the Prophet of Allah (
)
would clean his teeth with the Siwak, then he would give me the Siwak in order
to wash it. So I would first use it myself, then wash it and return it.

[Sunan Abu Dawood:H.52]

 

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