June 22, 2024

 

Belief in Scriptures

Author:
Sajid Mahmood Ansari

Belief in
the Divine Scriptures is the third article of Islamic Faith. Allah Almighty not
only sent Messengers but He s.w.t also revealed Holy Scriptures to them for
guidance. It is mandatory for all the Muslims to believe in all the Scriptures
inclusively, but in general pattern, without going through the minute details
of these Scriptures.

Allah
Almighty said:

“The Messenger (Muhammad) believes in what has been sent down
to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers. Each one believes in Allah,
His Angels, His Scriptures, and His Messengers. (They say,) ‘We make no discrimination
of His Messengers’ — and they say, ‘We hear, and we obey. (We seek) Your
forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the return (of all)”.

[Al-Qur’an, 2:285]

If a Muslim affirms
the truthfulness of the Scriptures, even without knowing the names of these
Scriptures; it is sufficient for the purpose of faith. However, it is
commendable to know the names of the Scriptures and the respective Messengers
to whom these Scriptures were revealed.

The Muslims
affirm the truthfulness of only those Scriptures, unconditionally, that have
been nominated in the Holy Qur’an, including Torah, Zaboor
(Psalms) and Injeel (Gospel). The Qur’an mentions that:

Torah was revealed to Moses (A.S)

Zaboor was revealed to David (A.S)

Injeel was revealed to Jesus the Christ
(A.S)

The scriptures
that have not been mentioned in the Holy Qur’an, like Zend Avesta (Zoroastrianism),
Garanth Sahib (Sikhism), Vedas (Hinduism) etcetera are not
believed to be the Divine Scriptures. It seems that these scriptures
were written by the genius people who derived light from the true Divine
Scriptures, but they could not avoid adding the contemporary views of their
communities.

It is
notable that the Bible (Old & New Testament) is not considered True
Divine Scripture by most of the Muslim scholarship. The Holy Qur’an repeatedly
mentions that the Jewish and Christian scholars amended the Scriptures that
were revealed to Moses and Jesus (A.S). So the Bible does not represent
the True Torah and Injeel. Though there are scattered patches of
Divine Message in the Bible, but these are mixed with human works. It is not
possible for a layman to judge between the true Divine Message and human works.
That is why the Muslims are not required to study the Bible. However, scholars
can study the Bible for comparison.

The Muslims are not in need of studying the Bible to know the teachings of
the early Messengers. The Qur’an  is not
only the summary of teachings of the earlier Messengers, but it adds a lot of
knowledge and wisdom. It also decides the disputes caused by Children of Israel.

Indeed, this Qur’ān
relates to the Children of Israel most of that over which they disagree

[Al-Qur’an,
27:76]

It is narrated on the authority of Jabir bin Abdullah (R.A) that the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Do not ask the People of the
Book about anything, because they can’t guide you, they have gone astray
themselves, so you will either confirm falsehood or the truth, even if Musa
(Moses) comes alive, nothing will be lawful for him, but that he follow me.

[Musnad Ahmad:H#14685]

This Hadith clearly indicates the possibility of truthfulness of a statement
from distorted Scriptures, but a layman is not able to judge the truthfulness or
falsehood of that statement. Hence, the Messenger (PBUH) forbade relying upon
the People of the Book (Jews & Christians) while relating to theology. The
Holy Qur’an suffices for our guidance.

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