May 18, 2024
imam al-mahdi
In the tapestry of Islamic eschatology, the figure of Imam Al-Mahdi (May Allah send him soon) stands as a beacon of hope, justice, and righteousness. Referre

In the tapestry of Islamic eschatology, the figure of Imam Al-Mahdi (May Allah send him soon) stands as a beacon of hope, justice, and righteousness. Referred to in numerous Hadiths and prophetic traditions, Imam Al-Mahdi is believed to be the awaited savior who will emerge in the end times to establish justice and equity on Earth. His role as the epitome of justice is deeply rooted in Islamic teachings, offering solace to believers amidst the trials and tribulations of the world.

Prophecies about Imam Al-Mahdi

The concept of Imam Al-Mahdi finds its origins in the Hadith literature, which comprises the sayings and actions of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Among the many prophetic traditions that foretell the coming of Imam Al-Mahdi, one particularly renowned narration is narrated by Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib (peace be upon him), wherein the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said:

“Even if only a day remains for Qiyamah (Day of Judgment) to come, yet Allah will surely send a man from my family who will fill this world with such justice and fairness, just as it initially was filled with oppression.”

[Sunan Abu Dawood: H#4283, Musnad Imam Ahmad: H#773]

Jabir bin Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

 There would be a caliph (Al-Mahdi) in the last (period) of my Ummah who would freely give handfuls of wealth to the people without counting it. [Sahih Muslim: H#2913a]

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud (may Allah be pleased with him):

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: If only one day of this world remained. Allah would lengthen that day (according to the version of Za’idah), till He raised up in it a man who belongs to me or to my family whose father’s name is the same as my father’s, who will fill the earth with equity and justice as it has been filled with oppression and tyranny (according to the version of Fitr). Sufyan’s version says: The world will not pass away before the Arabs are ruled by a man of my family whose name will be the same as mine.

[Sunan Abu Dawood: H#4282[

This Hadith underscores the pivotal role of Imam Mahdi in restoring justice to a world plagued by oppression and inequity. It highlights his divine mission to establish a reign of righteousness, where the rights of all individuals, irrespective of their creed or status, will be upheld.

Furthermore, the Hadith literature provides glimpses into the character and attributes of Imam Mahdi, portraying him as a just and equitable leader. His governance will be marked by compassion, wisdom, and a commitment to upholding the principles of Islamic justice. In a narration recorded in Sunan Abu Dawood, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) described Imam Al-Mahdi by saying:

“The Mahdi is from my progeny. His forehead is broad and his nose is high. He will fill the world with justice and fairness at a time when the world will be filled with oppression. He will rule for seven years.”

[Sunan Abu Dawood: H#4285]

Narrated Umm Salamah (peace be upon her), Ummul Mu’minin:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: Al-Mahdi will be of my family, of the descendants of Fatimah.

[Sunan Abu Dawood: H#4284]

This description emphasizes Imam Al-Mahdi’s physical features as well as his moral character. His broad forehead symbolizes his intellectual prowess and wisdom, while his high nose signifies his noble lineage and integrity. Moreover, the emphasis on justice and fairness reaffirms his role as a champion of righteousness in a world besieged by tyranny and corruption.

Imam Al-Mahdi’s mission of establishing justice extends beyond mere governance; it encompasses a comprehensive transformation of society based on the principles of compassion, equality, and mercy. As Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (Mah Allah have mercy on him) narrated on the authority of Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him), the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“When there is a dispute among my Ummah (community) and earthquakes occur, and there is an abundance of injustice, I give you the glad tidings of Al-Mahdi, who will fill the earth with justice and fairness just as it was filled with oppression before. The heavens and the earth will be pleased with him. He will distribute wealth and property among people equitably, and Allah will fill the hearts of the Ummah of Muhammad (peace be upon him) with contentment. His justice will reach everyone; he will command a caller to proclaim, ‘Whoever is in need of wealth, come forward!’ Upon hearing this proclamation, only one man will stand up. Al-Mahdi will say to him, ‘Go and tell the treasurer that Al-Mahdi commands you to give me wealth and property.’ The treasurer will say to him, ‘Take as much as you desire.’ When he fills his garment with a great amount of wealth and property and ties it, he will feel regretful and say, ‘I have been the most impatient among the people of Muhammad’s Ummah (peace be upon him). Whatever they have reached, have I become so deprived?’ So, he will return the wealth. However, Al-Mahdi will not accept it and will say, ‘We do not take back what we have given.’ Seven, eight, or nine years will continue in such a state of prosperity. After that, there will be no goodness in living.”

[Musnad Imam Ahmad: H#11346]

This Hadith sheds light on the role of Imam Mahdi as a just leader who will bring about a transformation of society, ensuring equitable distribution of wealth and justice for all. It also emphasizes the temporary nature of prosperity before the onset of significant changes.

This Hadith underscores the transformative nature of Imam Al-Mahdi’s mission. He is not merely a political leader but a spiritual guide who will usher in an era of spiritual revival and moral rectitude. His quest for justice will permeate every aspect of society, bringing healing to the wounds of injustice and ushering in an era of peace and harmony.

Authenticity of Prophecies

It is crucial to emphasize the authenticity and mutual reinforcement of the Hadiths mentioned in this brief article, as they collectively provide a robust framework for understanding the eschatological role of Imam Al-Mahdi. These narrations, found in reputable sources such as Musnad Imam Ahmad, Sahih Muslim, Sunan Abu Dawood, Jami Al-Tirmdhi, and Sunan Ibn Majah, have been meticulously preserved and authenticated by scholars of Hadith throughout history.

Hafiz ibn Taymiyah, one of the Hanbali scholars famous for his strict criticism of certain Hadiths, endorsed the aforementioned Hadiths regarding Imam Al-Mahdi in his book Minhaj al-Sunnah. Hafiz ibn Taymiyah quoted Abdullah ibn Masud’s narration of Imam Al-Mahdi to refute the Shia claim of Imam Muhammad ibn al-Hasan being Al-Mahdi. Ibn Taymiyah said:

أَحَادِيثُ الْمَهْدِيِّ مَعْرُوفَةٌ، رَوَاهَا الْإِمَامُ أَحْمَدُ، وَأَبُو دَاوُدَ، وَالتِّرْمِذِيُّ وَغَيْرُهُمْ، كَحَدِيثِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ 

The hadiths about Al-Mahdi are well-known and have been narrated by Imam Ahmad, Abu Dawood, Al-Tirmidhi, and others, such as the hadith narrated by Abdullah ibn Mas’ood……..

He goes further:

وَلِهَذَا لَمَّا كَانَ الْحَدِيثُ الْمَعْرُوفُ عِنْدَ السَّلَفِ  وَالْخَلَفِ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – قَالَ فِي الْمَهْدِيِّ: ” «يُوَاطِئُ اسْمُهُ اسْمِي وَاسْمُ أَبِيهِ اسْمَ أَبِي» ” صَارَ يَطْمَعُ كَثِيرٌ مِنَ النَّاسِ فِي أَنْ يَكُونَ هُوَ الْمَهْدِيَّ


Therefore, when the well-known hadith among the early generations and the successors was that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said about Al-Mahdi, “His name will match my name, and his father’s name will match my father’s name,” many people began to hope that he would be Al-Mahdi.

Hafiz Ibn Taymiyyah, a prominent Hanbali scholar renowned for his rigorous scrutiny of Hadith literature, notably endorsed the aforementioned Hadiths regarding Imam Al-Mahdi in his seminal work “Minhaj al-Sunnah.” Despite his critical approach to certain Hadiths, Ibn Taymiyyah recognized the authenticity and significance of the narrations concerning Imam Al-Mahdi, acknowledging their validity and reliability.

In “Minhaj al-Sunnah,” Ibn Taymiyyah meticulously analyzed various prophetic traditions related to Imam Al-Mahdi, scrutinizing their chains of transmission (isnad) and textual content (matn) to ascertain their authenticity and compatibility with established Islamic principles. After a thorough examination, he affirmed the reliability of these Hadiths, affirming their status as credible sources of prophetic guidance.

Ibn Taymiyyah’s endorsement of the Hadiths regarding Imam Al-Mahdi underscores their importance within the framework of Islamic eschatology and underscores their significance for believers seeking guidance on the awaited savior’s role and mission. By affirming the authenticity of these narrations, Ibn Taymiyyah contributed to the preservation and dissemination of knowledge about Imam Al-Mahdi among scholars and the wider Muslim community, thereby reinforcing the prophetic tradition and its relevance for contemporary believers.

Furthermore, Ibn Taymiyyah’s validation of these Hadiths serves as a testament to the meticulous scholarship and critical methodology employed by Islamic scholars in evaluating the authenticity of prophetic traditions. His endorsement adds weight to the credibility of the narrations concerning Imam Al-Mahdi, bolstering confidence in their reliability and authenticity among scholars and believers alike.

In conclusion, Hafiz Ibn Taymiyyah’s endorsement of the Hadiths regarding Imam Al-Mahdi in “Minhaj al-Sunnah” underscores their authenticity and significance within Islamic tradition. His validation of these narrations reflects his meticulous scholarship and critical approach to Hadith literature, reaffirming their importance for understanding the eschatological role of Imam Al-Mahdi and inspiring believers to prepare for his awaited advent with faith and anticipation.

The strength of these narrations lies not only in their individual authenticity but also in their harmony and consistency when examined together. Each Hadith adds a layer of detail to the overall narrative, offering insights into various aspects of Imam Al-Mahdi’s mission, character, and the circumstances surrounding his emergence. This coherence among multiple narrations from diverse sources lends credibility to the prophetic tradition regarding Imam Al-Mahdi, instilling confidence in believers regarding its veracity.

Furthermore, the Hadiths complement each other in providing a comprehensive understanding of Imam Al-Mahdi’s governance and the societal changes that will accompany his reign. They elucidate the sequence of events leading up to his establishment as a just ruler, the geographical scope of his authority, and the transformative impact of his leadership on the world.

By highlighting the interconnectedness and mutual reinforcement of these Hadiths, we underscore their collective strength as a source of guidance for believers awaiting the advent of Imam Al-Mahdi. Their authenticity and consistency serve as a firm foundation for shaping our understanding of Islamic eschatology and inspire hope for a future characterized by justice, equity, and divine guidance.

Upon examining the Hadiths, it becomes evident that the just rule of Imam Al-Mahdi would be established before the emergence of the Dajjal (the Antichrist). However, his global governance will not be fully realized until after the Great Battle (Armageddon). Before the allegiance to Imam Al-Mahdi, Medina would have already become the capital of the caliphate. Hence, the seat of Imam Al-Mahdi’s government will be in Medina. Initially, his rule will be established in the Arab world, and then neighboring Muslim countries will also pledge allegiance to him. Among these non-Arab countries, Pakistan, Iran, and Afghanistan are at the forefront.

The expansion of Imam Mahdi’s authority will likely follow a gradual process, starting from the Arabian Peninsula and then extending to other regions, including neighboring Muslim nations and beyond. This progression aligns with prophetic traditions that foretell the gradual consolidation of Imam Mahdi’s leadership and the eventual establishment of justice and equity across the globe.

In conclusion, the concept of Imam Al-Mahdi as the epitome of justice and beacon of hope is deeply ingrained in Islamic eschatology and Hadith literature. His emergence in the end times is believed to herald a new era of justice, equity, and righteousness, wherein the oppressed will find solace and the tyrants will be held to account. As believers, we await his arrival with hopeful anticipation, seeking inspiration from his noble mission to strive for justice in our own lives and communities.

Imam Al-Mahdi vs Dajjal

Indeed, according to Islamic eschatology, Imam Al-Mahdi will play a pivotal role in countering the Dajjal (the Antichrist) before the descent of Jesus Christ, the True Messiah (peace be upon him). The emergence of the Dajjal is prophesied as one of the major signs of the end times, and his deception and tyranny will pose a grave threat to humanity and the integrity of faith.

Imam Al-Mahdi, as the awaited savior and righteous leader, will confront the Dajjal and lead the believers in resisting his falsehood and oppression. He will rally the forces of truth and justice, mobilizing the Muslim community to withstand the trials and tribulations brought forth by the Dajjal’s deceitful propaganda and marvelous displays.

Imam Al-Mahdi’s resistance against the Dajjal will be characterized by unwavering faith, steadfastness, and divine support. Through his leadership and guidance, believers will find strength and resilience in confronting the challenges posed by the Dajjal’s false claims of divinity and promises of worldly power.

However, it is important to note that the ultimate defeat of the Dajjal will occur with the descent of Jesus Christ (Isa ibn Maryam), the True Messiah, as narrated in Islamic tradition. Jesus Christ will descend from heaven to Earth at the eastern minaret of Damascus, and upon his arrival, he will join Imam Al-Mahdi in leading the final battle against the Dajjal.

Jesus Christ, as a prophet of God, will wield divine authority and power to vanquish the Dajjal and restore justice and righteousness to the world. His role in defeating the Dajjal reaffirms his status as a righteous servant of God and a symbol of hope and salvation for humanity.

The collaboration between Imam Al-Mahdi and Jesus Christ in confronting the Dajjal underscores the unity and solidarity among righteous believers in the face of evil and adversity. Together, they will usher in an era of peace, justice, and prosperity, fulfilling the divine promise of triumph over falsehood and tyranny.

In summary, Imam Al-Mahdi will initially confront the Dajjal as the leader of the believers, embodying the principles of truth and righteousness. Subsequently, Jesus Christ will descend to Earth and join forces with Imam Al-Mahdi to defeat the Dajjal, establishing the ultimate victory of good over evil in accordance with divine decree.

Are You Ready to Welcome Imam Al-Mahdi?

Indeed, while the advent of Imam Al-Mahdi represents a beacon of hope for Muslims worldwide, it also carries a profound responsibility for believers to actively prepare themselves and their communities for his arrival. Imam Al-Mahdi’s mission on Earth, as foretold in prophetic traditions, is not merely to bring about justice and equity but also to establish a society guided by the principles of Islam and divine guidance. Therefore, the preparation for Imam Al-Mahdi’s coming entails more than passive anticipation; it requires proactive engagement and readiness on the part of individual Muslims and the collective Muslim community.

First and foremost, preparation for Imam Al-Mahdi involves spiritual readiness. Believers must strive to strengthen their faith, deepen their understanding of Islamic teachings, and cultivate a strong connection with Allah. This entails engaging in acts of worship, such as prayer, fasting, and remembrance of Allah, as well as seeking knowledge through studying the Quran and Hadith. By nurturing their spiritual well-being, Muslims can align themselves with the values and principles that Imam Al-Mahdi will uphold, thus becoming more receptive to his guidance and leadership.

Moreover, preparation for Imam Al-Mahdi necessitates moral and ethical refinement. Muslims must embody the virtues of compassion, justice, honesty, and integrity in their daily lives, striving to emulate the exemplary character of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). By purifying their hearts and rectifying their behavior, believers can contribute to the establishment of a just and righteous society envisioned by Imam Al-Mahdi.

In addition to personal spiritual and moral development, preparation for Imam Al-Mahdi entails collective action and community engagement. Muslims must work together to address social injustices, alleviate the suffering of the marginalized, and promote unity and solidarity within the ummah. This involves supporting initiatives that uphold Islamic values, such as charitable endeavors, education, and advocacy for social justice.

Furthermore, preparation for Imam Al-Mahdi requires foresight and planning for future generations. Parents and educators must instill in their children a love for Islam, a sense of responsibility towards their community, and a commitment to righteousness and justice. By nurturing the next generation of Muslims to be morally upright and socially conscious individuals, we ensure the continuity of Imam Al-Mahdi’s mission and the preservation of Islamic values in society.

Ultimately, proper preparation for Imam Al-Mahdi’s coming is a multifaceted endeavor that encompasses spiritual, moral, and communal dimensions. It requires sincere dedication, ongoing effort, and steadfast commitment to the teachings of Islam. By actively preparing ourselves and our communities, we can fulfill our role as active participants in Imam Al-Mahdi’s mission and contribute to the realization of a just and harmonious society under his leadership.

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